Whether you want to cut some wood, build a chair, make a wooden bench, or even do some woodworking, chances are you need something to cut the wood to sizes and make beautiful things out of pieces of wood. In this case, you’ll need to know whether to use a hand saw or a power saw because there’s a specific saw for every type of woodworking, and that’s something really important to know if you want to do it just right and avoid teething problems.To help you choose the best handsaw for your cutting projects, we have prepared a complete list of different types of hand saws available out there. Make sure you read on to find the proper one for you.
Teeth, that’s it all!
Generally, the act of cutting wood in different saws is almost the same: using a blade with sharp teeth sticking out from the edge. Saw blades have teeth to cut wood. TPI (teeth per inch) is the number of teeth a blade has per inch (the number varies between 2 to 32). The lower the TPI, the quicker the process of cutting. BTW, with a lower TPI, you’ll have rougher cuts. By adding to the number of TPI you will reach a fine and smoother cut.
Which is the right saw for me?
Why shall I use a hand saw?
Well, if you want to have a more affordable saw which mostly doesn’t need any source of power and electricity, then universal hand saws would be one of the best options available on the market.
Different types of hand saws:
1. Traditional hand saws
Let me introduce the most versatile type of hand saw!
Hardened and tempered high carbon steel blade with a solid handle makes the traditional hand saw one the most used hand saws out there which lots of woodworkers have one in their set of tools.
- Cutting raw logs, chipboards, and wood plates.
- Cutting thick wood
Best for: DIYers who want to cut wood by hand.
our recommendation: CRAFTSMAN Hand Saw, 15-Inch (CMHT20880)
2. Bow saw
A bow-shaped metal frame holding a wide blade (also known as a Finn saw or a Swede saw). These saws are mostly used when having a speedy process is much more important than a fine cut. Bow saws need a tremendous amount of physical effort, so they might not come in handy for sawing thick tree branches.
- Cutting thin tree branches and shrubs.
- Sawing wood to sizes and making shaped logs.
Best for: Those who want to have more control over cutting and want it to be done quickly without considering the smoothness of the cuts.
our recommendation: Bahco 10-30-23 30-Inch Ergo Bow Saw for Green Wood
3. Coping saw
A U-shaped frame with a tiny blade (that is like a bow saw), coping saw is ideal for woodworkers who want to cut out a shape in the middle of a piece of wood or even the edges of wooden material. Do not use this type of saws if you want to cut logs thicker than 1 inch.
- Interior cuts
- Precise cuts
- Curved cuts
Best for: Model makers who want to have curved cuts.
our recommendation: IRWIN Tools ProTouch Coping Saw (2014400)
4. Tenon saw
Tenon saws that have a stiff blade with a TPI around 10 to 14 and a closed pistol grip handle, allowing woodworkers to have good control over the depth and direction of the cuts so that they can make precise angled cuts.
- Quick cutting
- For mortise and tenon joint cutting
- Accurate cutting
Best for: Making deep smooth straight cuts on soft and hardwood.
our recommendation: Stanley – Fatmax Tenon/ Back Saw 350Mm 14In 13Tpi
5. Frame saw | frame hand saw
Frame saw is kind of old saws with a rectangular H-shaped frame and a blade on one side which makes it suitable for almost any cutting process. Sometimes we use frame saws to get the surface ready for face-gluing because of the smooth finish these saws can offer.
- Cutting curves
- Crosscutting wet wood
- Push and pull cutting
Best for: Woodworkers seeking an inexpensive saw with versatile uses.
6. Pruning saw
As the name implies, pruning saw is used for hand pruning and trimming small or even medium-sized branches and garden plants. There are different types of pruning saws with versatile uses and different TPIs, but in almost any of these saws, you can see a curved blade and an open handhold.
- Trimming branches under 1.5 inches in diameter.
- Cutting on both the push and pull stroke.
Best for: Gardeners who want to trim live shrubs and branches to make their garden look more attractive.
our recommendation: Corona RS 7510D RazorTOOTH Heavy Duty Pruning Curved Blade Trimming Saw for Hand Cutting Tree Limbs and Branches, 18 Inch
7. Japanese saw | Japanese hand saw
If you want to tackle almost any kind of cutting project (whether you are a beginner or a pro woodworker), you probably need to have a Japanese saw in your set of tools. Because of the pull strokes, it maintains a thinner blade which produces less dust.
- Cutting on the pull stroke.
- Cutting fast with less physical effort compared to other hand saws
Best for: Carpenters who want smooth, fast, easy cuts.
our recommendation: SUIZAN Japanese Pull Saw Hand Saw 9.5 Inch Ryoba Double Edge for Woodworking
8. Hack saw
Another type of hand saw is called the “hack saw” which is not only used by carpenters but also plumbers and electricians (due to being capable of cutting metal and plastic). The TPI in these kinds of saws varies from 18 to 30.
- Cutting pipes, tubes, and wood.
Best for: plumbers and carpenters
our recommendation: DEWALT Hack Saw, 5-in-1 (DWHT20547L)
9. Crosscut hand saw
If you are looking for a saw, capable of cutting across the wood grain on both push and pull strokes, a crosscut saw might be a good option. Crosscut saw is a muscle-powered saw which means the more weight and pressure you put on it, the faster the process of cutting will be.
- Forestry work
- Log bucking
Best for: cutting perpendicular to the wood grain.
our recommendation: GreatNeck N2610 – 26 Inch 12 TPI Crosscut Saw, Hardwood Handle, Wood and Tree Saw Hand Saw
10. Rip-cut hand saw
A well-known hand saw among woodworkers, capable of doing the process of cutting along the wood grain. Typically that is the main difference it has with a crosscut saw. FYI, doing the process of cutting by rip teeth is much easier.
- Rough cuts
- Cutting only on the push stroke
Best for: Cutting wood parallel to the direction of the wood grain.
our recommendation: Kataha Tatebiki Z Saw 10″ Single Edge Rip Saw
11. Veneer saw
A tiny double-edged saw, primarily used for cutting thin sheets of wood or cutting veneer with the grain which normally cuts on the pull stroke.
- Clean edge cutting
Best for: veneering process
our recommendation: Kunz Veneer Saw
12. Keyhole saw
A keyhole saw (also known as a jab saw) can cut holes in drywall and softwood. Imagine that you want to cut a hole in your room wall for an electric cable or switch. In this case, a keyhole saw with a long narrow blade will come in handy.
- Cutting small holes
Best for: Cutting small shapes in a wall, plywood, and softwood.
our recommendation: DEWALT Jab Saw (DWHT20540)