tree forest wood

Different types of wood

Finding the right type of wood for woodworking projects is not always an easy job to do. Have you ever wondered which wood is the best for your project? Maybe once you wanted to make a piece of furniture, a window frame, chairs, tables, and lots of different things made of wood, but at the end of the day, you realized you don’t know much about different types of wood and were confused. At the end of this article, you will know which types of wood are the best for your project.

When it comes to choosing the right type of wood for a woodworking project there are plenty of things one has to be aware of.

First and foremost:

Types of wood with sustainable sources

As you might know, some types of trees are on the verge of extinction and a huge mass of trees are carelessly cut all over the world which we call this “deforestation”. Mass deforestation has bad effects on our planet and causes the atmospheric concentration of CO2 to rise.

Unfortunately, some human beings don’t take care of their environment and chop down trees to make more money and if we don’t act and the current deforestation rates continue to rise, the world’s rain forests are gone in 78 years. (for more information, click here)

 

Luckily, measures were taken in different parts of the world to stop deforestation and save trees from extinction. The EU has protected almost all of its rain forests and some organizations certified all wood from different European regions. As a result, we can see that forests in Europe are growing in size because more trees are to be planted than being chopped down.

FSC (forestry stewardship council) and PEFC (Program for the endorsement of forest certification) are two types of certifications with million hectares of forests under their conservation standards, which guarantee that the wood is from a sustainable source and can be replaced and planted in a short time.

 

So if ecosystems and forests matter to you, make sure you buy furniture and different wooden products with certifications from these two agencies.

 

Types of sustainable wood

Generally, fast-growing trees are more sustainable because they can be replaced easily, whereas slow-growing trees have fewer capabilities of being replaced. After all, it takes too long for another tree to grow.

 

Fast-growing softwood:

  • Pine

  • European Redwood

  • European Whitewood

  • Yew

  • Siberian Larch

  • Juniper

  • Cedar

  • Douglas Fir

  • Spruce

 

Slow growing hardwood:

  • Oak

  • Alder

  • Balsa

  • Beech

  • Magnolia

  • Poplar

  • Teak Walnut

  • Maple

  • Hickory

 

Woods that are about to become extinct and you should avoid buying or cutting such wood:

  • Brazilian Mahogany

  • Keruing

  • Meranti

  • Ebony

  • Afzelia

  • Sapelee

  • Balau

  • Brown heart

  • Teak

  • Wenge

 

Now let’s cover some natural and engineered woods which DIYers and woodworkers might want to use in their projects. To use these types of wood, woodworkers should know where and how to use them.

Different types of wood for woodworking projects

Pine

Most beginner woodworkers start doing their first project out of wood using Pine. As we mentioned before, pine is a kind of softwood so these types of woods are somehow easy to work with. Carpenters can easily cut, carve, and drill pinewood. The light yellow coloring gives a bright look to your work. The good news is if you like a darker tone of colors, Pine is very easy to stain.

Uses: joinery, flooring, furniture

 

Poplar

Compared to Pine, Poplar gives you a more consistent look on the wood. Poplar stains well and paints a lot better than Pine does. If you’re going to start your first project, you might want to know that Poplar would be a better and easier option to work with rather than Pine.

Uses: furniture

 

Spruce

From general constructions to highly specialized purposes in aircraft, Spruce has a wide range of uses. The first-ever aircraft made in the world (by the Wright brothers) was built of Spruce, but the concept of making aircraft out of Spruce has come to an end because Spruce is not weather resistant. Some species of Spruce have acoustic properties that make them suitable and perfect for making musical instruments such as classical guitars, electric guitars, pianos, etc.

Uses: musical instruments, construction framing projects

 

Cedar

Cedar is one of the most long-lasting types of woods that have warm and red-toned colors. Due to its resistance to deterioration, it’s used for interior and exterior home design. Cedar is light in weight and is easy to carry from one place to another. Because of the low density, Cedar is a good choice for cutting and requires low energy for the process of cutting using a hand saw. By the way, Cedar is among those types of woods which have straight grains and consistent textures and are easy to work with.

Uses: Joinery – exterior, joinery – interior, furniture

 

Alder

Beauty, beauty, and beauty, that’s it all. When you cut Alder, it mostly has a white look but then turns to honey-brown color when exposed to sunlight. This type of wood has a straight grain that makes it easy to work with (saw, carve, finish). It can also be stained and painted readily.

Uses: cabinetry, furniture, decorative, body of the musical instrument

 

Redwood

A giant redwood tree

Creamy-white to red or yellow woods, capable of a clean finish, capable of being painted, glued, stained, and having moisture-resistant properties has made this type of wood widely used among woodworkers and home designers.

Uses: Furniture, decking, molding, flooring, cladding

 

Aspen

The wood can withstand moisture very well. It’s odorless and does not conduct heat. These properties make Aspen perfect for use in saunas and swimming pools. Aspen can be turned, screwed, glued, and stained quite well.

Uses: Sauna, furniture

 

Balsa

A lightweight timber that is strong for its weight and has a high degree of buoyancy that makes it perfect for creating floating wooden objects (floating on water). Because of its softness, it is a good choice for carving.

Uses: joinery

 

Bamboo

Let me tell you something! Bamboo isn’t considered as wood but grass. The Bamboo plant has tall hollow stems. People use Bamboo because it is highly resistant to earthquakes and fire. Bamboo stems may be hollow but very strong. People think Bamboo stems are easy to bend, whereas that is not true.

Uses: garden furniture, cabinets, flooring

 

Maple

Maple wood is considered a hardwood. Due to its strength, stiffness, and durability, it is commonly used for the production of baseball bats, bowling pins, bowling alley lanes, recurve bows, musical instruments, etc. Experts call maple a tonewood which carries sound waves very well so this feature makes it perfect for making some parts of musical instruments such as violins, cellos, violas, etc.

Uses: furniture, flooring, musical instruments

Cherry (American)

Moderately durable, takes polish well, turns well, but harder to work with than Poplar and Pine. The warm red color makes Cherry perfect for combining with light-colored furniture.

Uses: Joinery-interior, furniture

 

Engineered wood products

 

HDF (High-Density Fiberboard)

Have you ever seen chalkboards and wondered what kind of material these boards are made of? Well, the answer is hardboard coated with special color paint.

Highly compressed wood fibers bounding together can form a wood product which is called HDF or hardboard.

Uses: added to furniture for improving the build quality and strength, chalkboards

 

MDF (Medium Density Fiberboard)

MDF is an engineered wood product similar to HDF with lower density. It is stiff, strong, and heavy, and more suitable than HDF for making furniture and home appliances out of wood because of having a lesser density.

Uses: flooring, furniture

 

Plywood

A wooden board consisting of more than two layers glued and compressed is called plywood. Most of the plywood used in constructions consists of layers made of Spruce, Pine, and Fir.

Uses: creating wardrobes, furniture

power saw | powersaw | wood | saw

12 Different types of Power Saws

Why shall I use a power saw?

If you find cutting a muscle-powered process, which needs a lot of physical effort and makes you tired, then power saws are here to help you. Of course, having an electric motor to run the whole device adds to the price and makes it more expensive but more efficient and easier to use.

 

Hand saw or power saw? that’s the question!

There are two famous types of saws on the market, hand saws and power saws.

In this article, we are going to introduce different types of power saws and their uses. If you are looking for different types of hand saws and their uses, click here.

12 Different types of power saws

1. Jigsaw

BLACK+DECKER Jig Saw, Smart Select, 5.0-Amp (BDEJS600C)

A different kind of powered saws is a jigsaw. A blade with short teeth sticking out of the edge makes this saw suitable for cutting in non-straight lines such as curves. This kind of handheld saw, which moves up and down, can be set to different speed levels. To get the best result out of a jigsaw, you’ll need to choose a proper blade for the material.

Uses:

  • Cutting curves and complex shapes
  • Cutting shapes in metal plastic and wood

Best for: Making shallow cuts with considerable accuracy.

our recommendation: BLACK+DECKER Jig Saw, Smart Select, 5.0-Amp (BDEJS600C)

 

2. Band saw

Band saw
WEN 3962 Two-Speed Band Saw with Stand and Worklight, 10″

 

The most diverse types of power saws are band saws used to cut different materials with a long sharp blade. A band saw is made up of a table (you should be able to change the table angle up to 45°) supporting the whole device, a motor to run the tool, and two (sometimes three) wheels holding a thin blade. By the way, this is not a fast process and needs patience.

Uses:

  • Cut curves
  • Cutting tubes and PVC

Best for: Master carpenters who want to experience accurate and effortless cuts in woodworking.

our recommendation: WEN 3962 Two-Speed Band Saw with Stand and Worklight, 10″

 

3. Circular saw (circular blade, or circular power saw)

Band saw
TACKLIFE Circular Saw with Metal Handle, 6 Blades(4-3/4″ & 4-1/2”), Laser Guide, 5.8A, Max Cutting Depth 1-11/16” (90°), 1-3/8” (45°), Ideal for Wood, Soft Metal, Tile and Plastic Cuts – TCS115A

 

The most versatile type of power saw using a rotating circular blade. It can be equipped with blades that can cut almost every sort of material.

Uses:

  • Straight cuts

Best for: DIY guys, contractors, and carpenters seeking an amazingly versatile saw.

our recommendation: TACKLIFE Circular Saw with Metal Handle, 6 Blades(4-3/4″ & 4-1/2”), Laser Guide, 5.8A, Max Cutting Depth 1-11/16” (90°), 1-3/8” (45°), Ideal for Wood, Soft Metal, Tile and Plastic Cuts – TCS115A

 

4. Miter saw

Miter saw
DEWALT 12-Inch Miter Saw, 15-Amp, Single Bevel, Compound (DWS715)

 

A powered saw, which lets you do the process of cutting from different angles. The miter saw has a table, turning left and right to make different cutting angles. It can make straight crosscuts and also angled cuts.

Uses:

  • Trim work
  • Door frames, picture frames
  • Molding

Best for: angled cutting for making frames and furniture

our recommendation: DEWALT 12-Inch Miter Saw, 15-Amp, Single Bevel, Compound (DWS715)

 

5. Scroll saw

Scroll saw | power saw
WEN 3921 16-inch Two-Direction Variable Speed Scroll Saw

 

Have you ever seen jigsaw puzzles and wonder how they cut these tiny pieces accurately? Well, scroll saws are here to help. A swinging arm holding a sharp blade connected to a tilting table makes this saw super powerful to cut curves in different angles precisely.

Uses:

  • Cut intricate curves and corners
  • Making musical instrument

Best for: making spiral lines and curves with edges

our recommendation: WEN 3921 16-inch Two-Direction Variable Speed Scroll Saw

 

6. Hole saw

Hole saw
LENOX Tools Hole Saw with Arbor, Speed Slot, 2-Inch (1772779)

A hole saw is an annular (ring) saw blade with an annular grinding wheel that cuts a hole in the workpiece without cutting up the core material.

Uses:

  • Cutting round holes

Best for: cutting round holes

our recommendation: LENOX Tools Hole Saw with Arbor, Speed Slot, 2-Inch (1772779)

 

7. Reciprocating saw

Reciprocating saw | power saw
DEWALT 20V MAX Reciprocating Saw, Tool Only (DCS380B)

Imagine having a traditional saw but powered by a motor making strokes and motions on the blade to cut through the wood. It is what we call a reciprocating saw. It’s capable of making straight and curved cuts thanks to its solid blade.

Uses:

  • Pruning and trimming tree branches

Best for: plumbing, cutting out sill plates, frame working, and construction.

our recommendation: DEWALT 20V MAX Reciprocating Saw, Tool Only (DCS380B)

 

8. Tile saw

Tile saw
SKIL 3540-02 7-Inch Wet Tile Saw

A table-mounted saw with a circular diamond-coated blade, used to cut tiles to different shapes and sizes. A water pump constantly lets the cutting area soak to keep it cool.

Uses:

  • Tile cutting
  • Precise straight cuts

Best for: Tile cutters

our recommendation: SKIL 3540-02 7-Inch Wet Tile Saw

 

9. Table saw

Table saw | power saw
DEWALT Table Saw for Jobsite, Compact, 8-1/4-Inch (DWE7485)

Simply a circular saw placed under a table and powered by an electric motor is what we call a table saw. It is designed to bring accuracy, reduce the time and effort needed to do the cutting process.

Uses:

  • Crosscut
  • Dado cut
  • Rip cut

Best for: Having accurate and precise cuts on wood.

our recommendation: DEWALT Table Saw for Jobsite, Compact, 8-1/4-Inch (DWE7485)

 

10. Plunge saw

Plunge saw - power saw
WORX WX523L 20V 3-3/8″ Max Lithium-Ion Plunge Circular Saw

A plunge saw is another type of power saw similar to a circular saw with a spinning blade that slices, but it is much more complex and precise. Having a fixed guard, the blade is exposed when plunging the handle. The main difference between a plunge saw and a circular saw is that in a plunge saw, you can start the cut from anywhere you want, whereas in a circular saw, you’ll need to start cutting from the end of the material.

Uses:

  • Cutting laminates
  • Cut doors as they are still on their hinges.

Best for: Dust-free cutting processes which require fine cuts

our recommendation: WORX WX523L 20V 3-3/8″ Max Lithium-Ion Plunge Circular Saw

 

11. Flooring saw

Flooring saw - power saw
SKIL 3601-02 Flooring Saw with 36T Contractor Blade

Ever tried to install your own floor? If the answer is positive, you know it’s not an easy job to handle without using a flooring saw. The flooring saw is a handheld power saw used to build wooden flooring. A circular saw on guide rails is attached to a frame on the floor saw.

Uses:

  • Installing laminate flooring

Best for: cutting wood, laminate, vinyl, and soft materials.

our recommendation: SKIL 3601-02 Flooring Saw with 36T Contractor Blade

 

12. Chain saw (chain power saw)

Chain power saw
BLACK+DECKER 20V Max Cordless Chainsaw, 10-Inch, Tool Only (LCS1020B)

You might have seen foresters chopping tree branches and shrubs using gasoline, battery, or electric-powered saws that do the process of cutting by using a rotating set of chains wrapped around a solid metal blade, and that’s what we call a “chainsaw” (also chain saw)

Uses:

  • Bucking
  • Pruning
  • Tree felling

Best for: Woodworkers and gardeners who want to cut trees and branches or those who harvest firewood.

our recommendation: BLACK+DECKER 20V Max Cordless Chainsaw, 10-Inch, Tool Only (LCS1020B)

handsaw | hand saw | saw | wood saw | wood

12 Different types of Hand Saws

Whether you want to cut some wood, build a chair, make a wooden bench, or even do some woodworking, chances are you need something to cut the wood to sizes and make beautiful things out of pieces of wood. In this case, you’ll need to know whether to use a hand saw or a power saw because there’s a specific saw for every type of woodworking, and that’s something really important to know if you want to do it just right and avoid teething problems.To help you choose the best handsaw for your cutting projects, we have prepared a complete list of different types of hand saws available out there. Make sure you read on to find the proper one for you.

 

Teeth, that’s it all!

Generally, the act of cutting wood in different saws is almost the same: using a blade with sharp teeth sticking out from the edge. Saw blades have teeth to cut wood. TPI (teeth per inch) is the number of teeth a blade has per inch (the number varies between 2 to 32). The lower the TPI, the quicker the process of cutting. BTW, with a lower TPI, you’ll have rougher cuts. By adding to the number of TPI you will reach a fine and smoother cut.

 

Which is the right saw for me?

There are two famous types of saws on the market, hand saws and power saws.

In this article, we are going to introduce different types of hand saws and their uses. If you are looking for different types of power saws and their uses, click here.

 

Why shall I use a hand saw?

cutting wood using a hand saw

 

Well, if you want to have a more affordable saw which mostly doesn’t need any source of power and electricity, then universal hand saws would be one of the best options available on the market.

 

 

Different types of hand saws:

1. Traditional hand saws

traditional hand saw
CRAFTSMAN Hand Saw, 15-Inch (CMHT20880)

Let me introduce the most versatile type of hand saw!

Hardened and tempered high carbon steel blade with a solid handle makes the traditional hand saw one the most used hand saws out there which lots of woodworkers have one in their set of tools.

Uses:

  • Cutting raw logs, chipboards, and wood plates.
  • Cutting thick wood

 

Best for: DIYers who want to cut wood by hand.

our recommendation: CRAFTSMAN Hand Saw, 15-Inch (CMHT20880)

 

2. Bow saw

bow hand saw
Bahco 10-30-23 30-Inch Ergo Bow Saw for Green Wood

A bow-shaped metal frame holding a wide blade (also known as a Finn saw or a Swede saw). These saws are mostly used when having a speedy process is much more important than a fine cut. Bow saws need a tremendous amount of physical effort, so they might not come in handy for sawing thick tree branches.

Uses:

  • Cutting thin tree branches and shrubs.
  • Sawing wood to sizes and making shaped logs.

 

Best for: Those who want to have more control over cutting and want it to be done quickly without considering the smoothness of the cuts.

our recommendation: Bahco 10-30-23 30-Inch Ergo Bow Saw for Green Wood

 

3. Coping saw

coping hand saw
IRWIN Tools ProTouch Coping Saw (2014400)

A U-shaped frame with a tiny blade (that is like a bow saw), coping saw is ideal for woodworkers who want to cut out a shape in the middle of a piece of wood or even the edges of wooden material. Do not use this type of saws if you want to cut logs thicker than 1 inch.

Uses:

  • Interior cuts
  • Precise cuts
  • Curved cuts

Best for: Model makers who want to have curved cuts.

our recommendation: IRWIN Tools ProTouch Coping Saw (2014400)

 

4. Tenon saw

tenon hand saw
Stanley – Fatmax Tenon/ Back Saw 350Mm 14In 13Tpi

Tenon saws that have a stiff blade with a TPI around 10 to 14 and a closed pistol grip handle, allowing woodworkers to have good control over the depth and direction of the cuts so that they can make precise angled cuts.

Uses:

  • Quick cutting
  • For mortise and tenon joint cutting
  • Accurate cutting

Best for: Making deep smooth straight cuts on soft and hardwood.

our recommendation: Stanley – Fatmax Tenon/ Back Saw 350Mm 14In 13Tpi

 

5. Frame saw | frame hand saw

frame saw | frame hand saw
Image from Wikipedia

Frame saw is kind of old saws with a rectangular H-shaped frame and a blade on one side which makes it suitable for almost any cutting process. Sometimes we use frame saws to get the surface ready for face-gluing because of the smooth finish these saws can offer.

Uses:

  • Cutting curves
  • Crosscutting wet wood
  • Push and pull cutting

Best for: Woodworkers seeking an inexpensive saw with versatile uses.

 

6. Pruning saw

pruning saw
Corona RS 7510D RazorTOOTH Heavy Duty Pruning Curved Blade Trimming Saw for Hand Cutting Tree Limbs and Branches, 18 Inch

As the name implies, pruning saw is used for hand pruning and trimming small or even medium-sized branches and garden plants. There are different types of pruning saws with versatile uses and different TPIs, but in almost any of these saws, you can see a curved blade and an open handhold.

Uses:

  • Trimming branches under 1.5 inches in diameter.
  • Cutting on both the push and pull stroke.

Best for: Gardeners who want to trim live shrubs and branches to make their garden look more attractive.

our recommendation: Corona RS 7510D RazorTOOTH Heavy Duty Pruning Curved Blade Trimming Saw for Hand Cutting Tree Limbs and Branches, 18 Inch

 

7. Japanese saw | Japanese hand saw

japanese saw | japanese handsaw
SUIZAN Japanese Pull Saw Hand Saw 9.5 Inch Ryoba Double Edge for Woodworking

If you want to tackle almost any kind of cutting project (whether you are a beginner or a pro woodworker), you probably need to have a Japanese saw in your set of tools. Because of the pull strokes, it maintains a thinner blade which produces less dust.

Uses:

  • Cutting on the pull stroke.
  • Cutting fast with less physical effort compared to other hand saws

Best for: Carpenters who want smooth, fast, easy cuts.

our recommendation: SUIZAN Japanese Pull Saw Hand Saw 9.5 Inch Ryoba Double Edge for Woodworking

 

8. Hack saw

hack saw | hack handsaw
DEWALT Hack Saw, 5-in-1 (DWHT20547L)

Another type of hand saw is called the “hack saw” which is not only used by carpenters but also plumbers and electricians (due to being capable of cutting metal and plastic). The TPI in these kinds of saws varies from 18 to 30.

Uses:

  • Cutting pipes, tubes, and wood.

Best for: plumbers and carpenters

our recommendation: DEWALT Hack Saw, 5-in-1 (DWHT20547L)

 

9. Crosscut hand saw

Crosscut saw | Crosscut hand saw
GreatNeck N2610 – 26 Inch 12 TPI Crosscut Saw, Hardwood Handle, Wood and Tree Saw Hand Saw

If you are looking for a saw, capable of cutting across the wood grain on both push and pull strokes, a crosscut saw might be a good option. Crosscut saw is a muscle-powered saw which means the more weight and pressure you put on it, the faster the process of cutting will be.

Uses:

  • Forestry work
  • Log bucking

Best for: cutting perpendicular to the wood grain.

our recommendation: GreatNeck N2610 – 26 Inch 12 TPI Crosscut Saw, Hardwood Handle, Wood and Tree Saw Hand Saw

 

10. Rip-cut hand saw

Rip-cut saw
Kataha Tatebiki Z Saw 10″ Single Edge Rip Saw

A well-known hand saw among woodworkers, capable of doing the process of cutting along the wood grain. Typically that is the main difference it has with a crosscut saw. FYI, doing the process of cutting by rip teeth is much easier.

Uses:

  • Rough cuts
  • Cutting only on the push stroke

Best for: Cutting wood parallel to the direction of the wood grain.

our recommendation: Kataha Tatebiki Z Saw 10″ Single Edge Rip Saw

 

11. Veneer saw

Veneer saw
Kunz Veneer Saw

A tiny double-edged saw, primarily used for cutting thin sheets of wood or cutting veneer with the grain which normally cuts on the pull stroke.

Uses:

  • Clean edge cutting
  • veneering

Best for: veneering process

our recommendation: Kunz Veneer Saw

 

12. Keyhole saw

Keyhole saw
DEWALT Jab Saw (DWHT20540)

A keyhole saw (also known as a jab saw) can cut holes in drywall and softwood. Imagine that you want to cut a hole in your room wall for an electric cable or switch. In this case, a keyhole saw with a long narrow blade will come in handy.

Uses:

  • Cutting small holes

Best for: Cutting small shapes in a wall, plywood, and softwood.

our recommendation: DEWALT Jab Saw (DWHT20540)